This strategy involves students in making connections to their prior knowledge on a topic before reading, and then has them go back and adjust their answers after reading.
An anticipation guide is a series of statements, some of them true, some of them not true, that contain information from the text that students will be reading or from a lesson the teacher will be teaching. Before reading, students read the statements and put a check mark next to the statements that they think, based on their prior knowledge, are accurate.
After reading, students are to go back over their answers to the anticipation guide and make corrections, if necessary. I like to take it one step further by having my students write down the page number for each statement that helped them decide whether the statement is true or false.
Anticipation guides can be used for content, fictional, and expository texts.
Anticipation Guide – Raising a Happy Tadpole
Before reading make a prediction about the reading by putting a check mark next to those statements you think are true. After you read the story, correct your answers. Write the page or paragraph number that helped you decide.
___1. Tadpoles are like fish.
___2. All tadpoles need light, but not too much light.
___3. Tadpoles live in water, and you can get the water right from the faucet in your house.
___4. All Tadpoles turn into frogs when they grow up.
___5. Tadpoles eat insects.
___6. If you are not careful, a pet tadpole might die.
___7. It is more difficult to keep a frog than it is to keep a tadpole.